The efficacy and safety of risperidone long-acting injectable (LAI) for preventing recurrence of mood episodes in patients with bipolar I disorder was evaluated in a randomized, placebo-controlled study. After a 12-week open-label period with risperidone LAI (n=560), patients who did not experience a recurrence entered an 18-month randomized, double-blind period with risperidone LAI (n=132) or placebo (n=135); a third treatment arm (n=131) was randomized to oral olanzapine (10. mg/day) for reference and exploratory comparisons. The primary efficacy endpoint was time to recurrence of any mood episode for risperidone LAI versus placebo in the double-blind period (Kaplan-Meier analysis). Additional efficacy endpoints included Young Mania Rating Scale, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale and Clinical Global Impression. During the double-blind period, dosing was fixed at patients' final open-label dose (25. mg, 66% of patients; 37.5. mg, 31%; 50. mg, 4%). The primary outcome demonstrated a median time to mood episode recurrence of 198 day in the placebo arm, whereas the median was not reached in the risperidone LAI arm (p=0.057). Time to recurrence of any mood episode was significantly longer with risperidone LAI versus placebo (log-rank test stratified by region only, p=0.031); the difference was significant for time to recurrence of elevated mood episodes (p=0.005) but not depressive episodes (p=0.655). Significant improvement of manic symptoms and global condition versus placebo were observed for risperidone LAI, with no evidence of worsening of depression. In conclusion, risperidone LAI significantly delayed time to recurrence of elevated mood episodes, with a safety profile consistent with previous studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry
- Pharmacology (medical)