A new look into uveitis in Colombia: changes in distribution patterns and clinical characteristics over the last 25 years

Diego Polanía, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, William Rojas-Carabali, Daniella Pardo-Pizza, Doménico Barraquer-Lopez, Carlos Cifuentes-González, Natalia Neira-Segura, Alejandra de-la-Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe the distribution patterns and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with uveitis at a specialized uveitis center in Bogotá, Colombia, from 2013 to 2021 and compare these patterns with the previously reported between 1996 and 2006.

METHODS: We performed an observational descriptive cross-sectional study systematically reviewing clinical records of patients attending between 2013 and 2021. Data were analyzed and compared with previous reports.

RESULTS: Of the 489 patients with uveitis, 310 were females (63.4%). The mean age of onset was 38.7, with a range between 1 and 83 years. Bilateral (52.8%), anterior (45.8%), non-granulomatous (90.8%), and recurrent (47.6%) were the most common types of uveitis found in our population sample. The most common cause of uveitis in this study was idiopathic, followed by toxoplasmosis and HLA-B27 + associated uveitis, which differs from the previous Colombian study where ocular toxoplasmosis was the most frequent cause. This highlights a significant shift from infectious etiologies to more immune-mediated processes as the cause of uveitis in Colombia nowadays.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study provide a comparison between the clinical patterns of presentation of uveitis from 1996 to 2006 and the patterns observed from 2013 to 2021, enhancing awareness about the changing dynamics of uveitis in Colombia to guide a better understanding of the diagnosis, classification, and correlation with other systemic conditions of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAlbrecht von Graefes Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie
Issue number2022
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Aug 22 2022

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