A new hybodontiform shark (Strophodus Agassiz 1838) from the Lower Cretaceous (Valanginian-Hauterivian) of Colombia

Jorge D Carrillo-Briceño, Edwin Alberto Cadena Rueda

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The vertebrate marine faunas that inhabited northern South America during the Cretaceous are still poorly known. This study is a contribution to a growing wave of new studies on Lower Cretaceous vertebrates from Colombia. Here we report and describe a new species of a hybodontiform shark of the genus Strophodus, which we named Strophodus rebecae sp. nov., based on isolated teeth, that were collected in Valanginian-Hauterivian rocks of the Rosa Blanca Formation (Carrizal and El Sapo Members) near the town of Zapatoca, Santander Department, Andes of Colombia. In addition, we describe two other fragmented teeth assigned to Strophodus sp. from the Rosa Blanca Fm. The new species from Colombia represents the only Cretaceous record of Strophodus from Gondwana, offering new insights into the paleogeographic distribution of the genus, as well as increasing the knowledge about the scarce hybodontiform paleodiversity known from South America. The presence of Strophodus in the Rosa Blanca Formation suggests that these durophagous (shell-crushing) fishes played an important role as predators of the abundant and diverse invertebrate fauna present in these ancient tropical coastal ecosystems of Gondwana.
Translated title of the contributionUn nuevo tiburón hydodontiforme (Strophodus Agassiz 1838) del Cretácico Temprano (Valanginianio-Hauteriviano) de Colombia
Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue numbere13496
StatePublished - Jun 2 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Palaeontology


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