A behavioural investigation of power and gender heterogeneity in operations management under uncertainty

Sebastián Villa, Jaime Andrés Castañeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose
The paper aims to explore how power and gender influence decision making in an operational and risky context.

Design/methodology/approach
The authors run a laboratory experiment. The experimental factors are power and operational profitability. Power is manipulated using an episodic priming task, while profitability, by changing a newsvendor-type product’s procurement cost. Participants’ risk attitude is captured using a risk lottery.

Findings
Participants deviate from the optimal order regardless of the power condition and their risk profile. Risk-seeking women order consistently more than risk-seeking men, which allow women to offer a higher service level. In the low-profit condition, men prefer to make more conservative decisions, which allow them to place orders that are closer to the economical benchmark, where both men’ induced power and the risk-seeking tendencies from both genders play a role. Behavioural models in the high-power condition explain the observed differences in ordering behaviours.

Originality/value
This paper provides behavioural research to explore how differences in power and gender, and their links with risky decision making, influence decision making in an uncertain operations management context, representing thus an important departure from mainstream studies.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalManagement Research Review
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2019

Cite this

@article{a048fab2d0fd46828aa6476e223bceb5,
title = "A behavioural investigation of power and gender heterogeneity in operations management under uncertainty",
abstract = "PurposeThe paper aims to explore how power and gender influence decision making in an operational and risky context.Design/methodology/approachThe authors run a laboratory experiment. The experimental factors are power and operational profitability. Power is manipulated using an episodic priming task, while profitability, by changing a newsvendor-type product’s procurement cost. Participants’ risk attitude is captured using a risk lottery.FindingsParticipants deviate from the optimal order regardless of the power condition and their risk profile. Risk-seeking women order consistently more than risk-seeking men, which allow women to offer a higher service level. In the low-profit condition, men prefer to make more conservative decisions, which allow them to place orders that are closer to the economical benchmark, where both men’ induced power and the risk-seeking tendencies from both genders play a role. Behavioural models in the high-power condition explain the observed differences in ordering behaviours.Originality/valueThis paper provides behavioural research to explore how differences in power and gender, and their links with risky decision making, influence decision making in an uncertain operations management context, representing thus an important departure from mainstream studies.",
author = "Sebasti{\'a}n Villa and Casta{\~n}eda, {Jaime Andr{\'e}s}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1108/MRR-05-2019-0229",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Management Research Review",
issn = "2040-8269",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A behavioural investigation of power and gender heterogeneity in operations management under uncertainty

AU - Villa, Sebastián

AU - Castañeda, Jaime Andrés

PY - 2019/12/19

Y1 - 2019/12/19

N2 - PurposeThe paper aims to explore how power and gender influence decision making in an operational and risky context.Design/methodology/approachThe authors run a laboratory experiment. The experimental factors are power and operational profitability. Power is manipulated using an episodic priming task, while profitability, by changing a newsvendor-type product’s procurement cost. Participants’ risk attitude is captured using a risk lottery.FindingsParticipants deviate from the optimal order regardless of the power condition and their risk profile. Risk-seeking women order consistently more than risk-seeking men, which allow women to offer a higher service level. In the low-profit condition, men prefer to make more conservative decisions, which allow them to place orders that are closer to the economical benchmark, where both men’ induced power and the risk-seeking tendencies from both genders play a role. Behavioural models in the high-power condition explain the observed differences in ordering behaviours.Originality/valueThis paper provides behavioural research to explore how differences in power and gender, and their links with risky decision making, influence decision making in an uncertain operations management context, representing thus an important departure from mainstream studies.

AB - PurposeThe paper aims to explore how power and gender influence decision making in an operational and risky context.Design/methodology/approachThe authors run a laboratory experiment. The experimental factors are power and operational profitability. Power is manipulated using an episodic priming task, while profitability, by changing a newsvendor-type product’s procurement cost. Participants’ risk attitude is captured using a risk lottery.FindingsParticipants deviate from the optimal order regardless of the power condition and their risk profile. Risk-seeking women order consistently more than risk-seeking men, which allow women to offer a higher service level. In the low-profit condition, men prefer to make more conservative decisions, which allow them to place orders that are closer to the economical benchmark, where both men’ induced power and the risk-seeking tendencies from both genders play a role. Behavioural models in the high-power condition explain the observed differences in ordering behaviours.Originality/valueThis paper provides behavioural research to explore how differences in power and gender, and their links with risky decision making, influence decision making in an uncertain operations management context, representing thus an important departure from mainstream studies.

U2 - 10.1108/MRR-05-2019-0229

DO - 10.1108/MRR-05-2019-0229

M3 - Article

JO - Management Research Review

JF - Management Research Review

SN - 2040-8269

ER -