Wale'KeruWeaving Community Processes from a Transitional Justice Perspective

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Given the new conditions that Law 1448 of 2011 poses in the transitional scenario in Colombia, and especially those related to Decree 4633 of 2011 that introduces a differential approach for Indigenous Peoples, the need arises to strengthen reparation processes that guarantee the restitution of rights to indigenous victims. In order to overcome and repair the systematic violations of the human rights of these communities, it is necessary to articulate their own notions of reparation in institutional processes, such as the process of collective reparation carried out with the Unit for Attention and Reparation to Victims of the Wayúu community of Bahía Portete since 2012.
The theoretical framework of this work revolves around the international consensus on the recognition of victims of violations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) (O'Donnell and Schimitter 1998; Kritz 1997) based on parameters that must be addressed in a peaceful transition from a conflict situation to a condition of peace, contained in the rights to truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-repetition. (Forer 2012, p. 24). It also revolves around national consensus on the application of a transitional justice model that recognizes comprehensive reparations to victims (Uprimny 2006, Díaz, et al. 2009) and the difficulty of applying this model based on the normative framework established by laws such as 975/05 and in the case of the indigenous community of Bahía Portete Decree 4633 of 2011, due to the disarticulation of the notions of reparation proper to the Wayúu People that involve compensation (Guerra 2002; Colmenares 2006; Vizcaíno 1991) at the level of strengthening traditional practices that were affected by displacement (Barros 2014).
To that extent, there are several reasons for conducting this investigation. In the first place, it constitutes a contribution from a novel academic approach such as reparation to indigenous victims. The emblematic case of the Portete Bay massacre has been studied mainly from a gender perspective, limiting the scope of the institutional processes that involve the community and that are based on these studies. In this way, a line of research is added that becomes more important as these institutional processes advance within the framework of transitional justice.
Secondly, the research proposed here responds to an express request from the community leaders of Portetete that seeks the accompaniment of the Intercultural School of Indigenous Diplomacy (EIDI) in its process of return and re-appropriation of ancestral territory. Thirdly, it is important for the community to work from the grassroots and strengthen them in order to strengthen the scope of the efforts made and the spaces gained by their leaders in the institutional scenario to date.
The methodological approach is based on the concepts of popular education (Freire 1996, 1997, 2000), dialogue of knowledge and Participatory Action Research (IAP) (Fals Borda 1979). Thus, research tools such as semi-structured interviews, participatory observation, territory maps and socialization workshops designed for the community will be used. For the purposes of this project, the general objective was to analyze the organizational processes of the Wayúu community of Bahía Portete that are developed under the context of transitional justice, through research work in the ancestral territory of the community. Three specific objectives are derived from this general objective: 1) To identify the notions of reparation characteristic of the Wayúu de Portete community in contrast with the diverse measures of integral reparation; 2) To compile life trajectories of leaders who contribute to the process of return and reconstruction of the social fabric of the community of Portete; and 3) To develop workshops to strengthen the community around its processes of collective action that take place within the framework of transitional justice.
The following results are expected from the achievement of the objectives described: 1) Generation of new bibliographic and scientific material on interculturality and transitional justice through the elaboration of one (1) article for an academic journal indexed at a national or international level; 2) Contribution to the knowledge on new methodologies, interdisciplinarity and interculturality of the research lines of the Center for Political and International Studies (CEPI); 3) Involvement of Elizabeth Pontón as researcher of the transitional justice line of the seedbed, from her work of degree "Criticism to the institutional mechanisms of reparation to indigenous victims. Case study: The Wayúu People"; 4) Promotion of leadership within the Wayúu community of Portete through the strengthening of traditional practices, in order to improve the quality of life of the Wayúu community.

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Keywords

Generation of new bibliographic and scientific material on interculturality and transitional justice through the elaboration of one (1) article for an academic journal indexed at a national or international level.
2. Contribution to the knowledge on new methodologies, interdisciplinarity and interculturality of the EIDI research seedbed, of the doctorate in political science and of the interline seminar between the Observatory of Networks and Collective Action (ORAC) and the Peace, Security and Conflict line of the Centre for Political and International Studies (CEPI).

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StatusFinished
Effective start/end date10/15/1510/15/16

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