Identity, economy and politics in India: elements that profile it as a 21st century power.

  • Serrano Lopez, Enrique (PI)
  • Baquero, Ricardo Alberto (PI)

Project: Research Project

Project Details

Layman's description

India is one of the states that globally presents the greatest contrasts. On the one hand, there are its high rates of poverty and concentration of wealth in specific areas such as Mumbai and Kerala; and on the other is development in areas such as the software industry in cities like Bangalore, entertainment, and high-quality, low-cost higher education. Together with China, it is emerging as one of the great powers worldwide both due to the marked development of the tertiary sector of the economy (the fastest growing and most profitable sector in the world) and its human capital, which has comparative advantages over other countries such as its high rate of growth, its knowledge of the English language, its education in universities both local and in the United States and Europe, which ultimately show its greater compatibility with "the West".
Since the time of Jawaharlal Nehru and his clear socialist tendency, India has developed various policies aimed at making it a regional power. Proof of this is its status as an atomic country and the spread of its lifestyles, its way of thinking. Indira and Rajiv Gandhi were in charge of reconciling the country with the West and capitalism, through educational programs. But the barriers of poverty, environmental contamination and the organization imposed by the castes represent challenges and obstacles to their development.
Although India is one of the protagonists of world and Asian events, today the eyes and studies are directed more than anything to the Chinese monster, leaving India in the background, and specifically they are focused on purely economic and financial issues. The truth is that together, both can become the largest economic, commercial and industrial engine of the 21st century.
However, the ignorance of both countries in Colombia is more than evident, especially when doing business, proposing policies or simply following protocols. Asia continues to be relegated to the preponderance of the United States and Europe. And countries like Mexico, Brazil and Chile have shown that they are one step further in terms of their relations with this continent.
Both China and India are countries and civilizations with a lot of historical and cultural load. And for this reason, the exoticism and mysticism created around it has served as a brake on an approach that goes beyond curiosity or immediate needs that never delve deeper into the bases that make up the identities of these countries and their visible and tangible manifestations.
This research project seeks to carry out a specific approach to the identity of India, in order to determine how the relationship between its identity, economic and political development, have positioned it as a potential leader of the 21st century. The theoretical bases that academically support this proposal are within the ideas and proposals of Constructivism, as well as some elements of complex interdependence.
By having a greater knowledge of these elements and their interconnection, one can contribute to the development of better economic and diplomatic relations, and doors are opened to other studies related to India, and the knowledge of the great leaders of the world is fostered, which is a step Mandatory for the better and growing insertion of Colombia at the international level. Within the framework of institutional internationalization and the idea of bringing the world to the University, this project is not only pertinent but attractive for the understanding of India immersed in an international scenario in which Colombia should increasingly play a leading role.
The project is based on the fact that culture and identity are guiding and definitive elements when following economic and political patterns. Studying the particular characteristics of India in these aspects will allow us to understand the reasons for its current and potential success, its challenges and its development alternatives.
Effective start/end date3/3/075/4/09

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals

Main Funding Source

  • FIUR


  • Asia


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