Evolving trends in terrorism in Colombia. The FARC 2010-2019

  • Torrijos Rivera, Vicente (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

After the classic violence of the mid-twentieth century, Colombia inaugurated a new phase of conflict that intensified with the influx of the Cuban revolution during the 1960s and spread throughout the final phase of the Cold War.
Several illegal armed organizations encouraged confrontation throughout the period, but the strongest, most resilient and capable of all have been the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc), which, founded in 1954 as peasant self-defense, evolved into a subversive group of a terrorist nature.
The Colombian conflict, of an intra-state, irregular and entrenched nature, did not give way during the First Post-Cold War (1989-2001), as it did in all similar phenomena in both Central and South America, and neither did it during the Second Post-Cold War (from September 11, 2001 onwards).

On the contrary, the FARC, and an ideologically related and occasionally allied organisation, the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional, Eln), continued with their political-military actions and concentrated the attention of the State and the international community, especially after the failed process of dialogue between the government and FARC during the period 1998-2002, and between the government and Eln during 2007.

In effect, the Democratic Security Policy (Psd), implemented by the government in 2002, was mainly aimed at removing the terrorist threat and, according to the prospective document 'Vision Colombia 2019' (second centenary of Colombian independence), to achieve that, by that date, "Colombia would have consolidated peace with the neutralisation of terrorism and the demobilisation and reincorporation of those who had taken up arms" (Dnp, 2005: 50).
Consequently, the research project aims to study, over a period of ten years, the evolution of the politico-military behaviour of the most active illegal armed organisation (the FARC), both at national and international level, in order to assess whether, by 2019 (Phase 1), it will be further strengthened, weakened or effectively neutralised.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/10/098/31/19