The control of diseases transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, Aegypti and Albopictus, is a public health priority at the national level, given the widespread infestation by the first of these (more than 90% of the national territory below 2,200 masl), the introduction of Aedes albopictus, as well as the urbanization of the population by displacement due to problems of violence. These circumstances have been reflected in the country in a transmission of intense and increasing dengue, with epidemic cycles every 3 to 5 years, as well as the recent autochthonous transmission of chikunguña and zika virus fever, two emerging diseases caused by viruses mainly transmitted by Aedes Aegypti. The traditional approaches used in the context of public health have followed methodologies based on a behavioural approach to understanding human behaviour in order to shed some light on vector-borne diseases. However, the cultural aspects of dengue, what it means in people's daily lives, and in general, the social determinants of dengue have been little studied at the global level. The starting point, then, is to understand these diseases as social constructions in which the individual manifestations of cultural patterns of behaviour are interrelated, the specific contexts in which they are produced and transmitted, and the local responses to prevention and control programmes, giving rise to therapeutic itineraries before, during and after the disease. Based on this knowledge, it is possible to strengthen interventions aimed at controlling diseases transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, designed on the basis of everyday life, using a language that allows communication between scientific knowledge about these diseases and the everyday life in which they are expressed.
|Effective start/end date||1/1/16 → 1/1/17|