Development and analysis of indicators to evaluate the implementation of public policy to promote physical activity among children and adolescents in Colombia

  • Ramirez-Velez , Robinsón (CoI)
  • Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The report card is an initiative led by the EPiandes group and the CEMA group since 2014 in which the Helthy Kids Global Alliance seeks to apply a measurement protocol through the Helthy Kids Global Alliance's alliance and orientation to the advancement of national public policy on the promotion of physical activity in children and adolescents.

In 2014, the first measurement was made of the progress made in public policy on physical activity at the national level, sources of information were identified on global public policy, active transportation, participation in carrying, active overweight gambling, obesity in the family environment, school environment, community and environment, national and departmental municipal policies and non-governmental strategies were evaluated.

In 2016, an evaluation by 15 physical activity experts, including researchers, professionals and policy makers from various fields and sectors, is conducted: the National Administrative Department of Sports, Recreation, Physical Activity and Leisure Time (Coldeportes); the District Institute of Recreation and Sport (IDRD) of Bogotá; the Colombian Obesity Foundation (Funcobes); And five universities from three different cities (Universidad de los Andes and Universidad del Rosario in Bogotá, Universidad Industrial de Santander and Universidad de Santander in Bucaramanga and Universidad Simón Bolívar in Barranquilla).

These frameworks include nine core indicators, common to all countries involved in the Global Matrix 2.0, and three additional indicators proposed by the RWG. The indicators were classified into three categories: 1) behaviours and conditions that contribute to BP (adherence to BP guidelines, active transport, organised sport participation, active play and physical fitness); 2) factors associated with high cardiometabolic risk (sedentary behaviours, overweight and obesity); and 3) environments and levels of influence (family, school, community and built and political environment).
After the data collection and evidence synthesis process, each of the 25 indicators was subsequently rated according to the proposed classification scheme. This grading scheme was based on a numerical scale (1 to 5), equivalent to the academic grading system used in most Colombian schools.

The behaviours, environments, practices and policies of each indicator in terms of scope, adoption and potential impact were also considered, following the proposed rating schemes of Canada, South Africa and Scotland.
New indicators such as physical condition, sedentary behaviours were included.
A comparison of the 2014 and 2016 assessments shows that the country is improving its overall efforts to promote physical activity. Levels of physical activity in children and environments remain a concern as they are insufficient.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/16/162/15/19