Colombia and the WTO: analysis of the effects of international trade regulation on public policies

Project: Research Project

Project Details


Economic globalization has a legal dimension that makes it possible: the so-called international economic law. One of the main expressions of this right is the regulation of international trade, mainly through multilateral regulations originating from the World Trade Organization. Certainly, regulatory expansion in areas such as trade in goods and services or the protection of intellectual property, to name just a few examples, has played a fundamental role in creating contemporary dynamics of accumulation on a global scale, such as the financialization of economy, global value chains, or the so-called knowledge economy. Beyond the distributive effects of these processes supported by the regulation of international trade, or political concerns about their social costs and benefits, the creation of an international legal framework that enables the functioning of the market economy has meant the transfer of exercise of public authority towards international institutions and actors, as well as the consequent limit on the capacity of governments to regulate matters of public interest, with the implications that this brings for the daily lives of people and communities. In this context, this research project seeks to promote a better understanding of the normative content of the rules that regulate international trade to discern their impact on the formulation of public policies in areas as varied as human rights, the environment, the competition and consumer law


World Trade Organization; Technical barriers to trade; Intellectual property; Industrial policy; Free trade zone; Trade and environment; Trade and human rights; Trade and new technologies

Commitments / Obligations

A book chapter about the Andean Community of Nations.
An article about the digitalization of genetic resources for food and agriculture and its impact on food sovereignty.
An article about seed digitization.
An article on fishing subsidies and the commodification of the marine environment.
An article about carbon markets.
A policy brief on the reforms to the Colombian free zone regime.
A policy brief on the implications of artificial intelligence from the point of view of international trade regulation.
A policy brief on the role of international trade regulation in the face of energy transition policies.
A presentation at an international event on trade, new technologies and national security interests.
A presentation at a national event on trends, risks and sanctions associated with international trade.
Effective start/end date10/31/2210/31/25

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production

Main Funding Source

  • Installed Capacity (Academic Unit)


  • South America


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