A comprehensive study on the effects of minority political representation mechanisms in the 1991 Constitution, throughout the period of its implementation.

  • Sanchez David, Ruben Ignacio (PI)

Project: Research Project

Project Details


Through the proposed research, we intend to carry out a study of the art related to the figure of the special circumscription in Colombia and explain its effects on the political representation of minorities, with the aim of gathering information on the functionality, effectiveness and convenience of the same, as well as capturing the perception of minorities, so that possible solutions or policies aimed at improving participatory democracy in Colombia can be proposed.


To carry out a theoretical and conceptual review that systematically collects information related to the debate that has taken place in the country regarding the political representation of minorities and their access to the leadership of the State via elections.
Compare the use of such mechanisms of political representation in other countries with special reference to Latin America, but not exclusively.
3. To carry out an analysis of the electoral behavior in the aforementioned districts since the adoption of such a mechanism in 1991.
4.Relate the design of special constituencies for minorities to the prior consultation exercises carried out in Colombia to determine whether it is possible that population-based approaches to prior consultation can be adopted for the exercise of the right to representation of minorities.
5.Review the proposed changes to the design of the constituencies, including those declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court.
To analyze the proposal to grant a seat to the Raizales of the San Andres and Providencia Archipelago and to establish if the model proposed for the second round of the political reform proposal is a model applicable to other minorities.
7.To carry out an analysis of the legal framework that regulates the process of representation of minorities in Colombia and to incorporate in that analysis what has been expressed by the Council of State on this subject.
8.To carry out interviews with the main interested parties in the subject.
9.Determine the effects of the special constituencies on the organizational processes of indigenous and Afro-Colombian minorities.
Evaluate possible alternatives for modifying the current institutional design without affecting the rights of minorities to have greater political representation and, in particular, the possibility of establishing double voting for indigenous people in the cabildos and Afro-Colombians in the territorial councils.
11.Develop recommendations that are considered adequate to improve the political representation of minorities to be put into consideration by decision makers.

Commitments / Obligations

Once the study is completed, a report will be submitted to the Center for the Study of Democracy and Electoral Affairs - CEDAE - for possible corrections or additions, before the final report is written and published, with the prior authorization of CEDAE from the National Civil Registry.
The final report will result in the publication of one thousand (1000) copies and the organization of a dissemination presentation in which it will distribute the publications and explain both the result and the scope of the research. The National Registry of Marital Status will provide the contractor with the design of the cover and back cover together with the manual for its adaptation and correct use.
Effective start/end date1/1/151/1/16

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities

Main Funding Source

  • National


  • Bogotá D.C.


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