IMPACT OF TOBACCO USE AND LEISURE TIME PHYSICAL INACTIVITY ON SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH STATUS IN WOMEN IN COLOMBIA

Urbina, A. (Speaker), Dario Mendoza-Romero (Speaker), Amparo Cristancho Montenegro (Speaker)

Activity: Talk typesOral presentation

Description

Smoking and physical inactivity are risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD), the leading cause of
mortality worldwide. Women tend to be more physically inactive than men, and although they tend to smoke less, 5%
of total mortality in women is attributed to tobacco. Along with tobacco and physical inactivity, a poor/fair selfperception
of health status is associated with mortality in 4-9 years. The aim of this study was to determinate the
association between tobacco use, leisure time physical inactivity, and poor/fair self-perceived health status in women
in Colombia.
METHOD
Analytical prevalence study conducted with women data from the Colombia National Survey of Demographics and
Health and its subsample, Nutritional Situation Survey 2010. The first includes tobacco usage information (n=12431)
and the second, physical activity data (n=8224). Separate multivariate logistic regression for poor/fair self-perceived
health status were performed adjusting for tobacco use and covariates, and adjusting for leisure time physical
inactivity and covariates.
RESULTS
Prevalence of current tobacco use was 3%, and was associated with poor/fair self-perceived health status (OR=1.78;
IC95%=1.41–2.25). Prevalence of leisure time physical inactivity was 94%, and was associated with poor/fair selfperceived
health status (OR=1.30; IC95%=1.03–1.62). Other associated variables were poor education, increased
age, no social security coverage (OR=1.22; IC95%=1.03–1.44), overweight and obesity, increased abdominal
circumference, and low socio-economical level (OR=7.24; IC95%=3.81–13.76).
Unfortunately, it was not possible to analyze the relationships between physical activity and smoking in the present
study, so it is desirable that in the next health surveys in Colombia people interviewed for cardiovascular risk factors
and healthy lifestyles were the same permitting to explore the relationships between these variables.
CONCLUSIONS
Both cigarette smoking and leisure time physical inactivity were associated with poor/fair self-rated health perceptions
in women in Colombia. Other associated factors were increased age, low schooling, low socioeconomic status and no
social security coverage. It is desirable to implement strategies for the promotion of physical activity, and
prevention/cessation of tobacco use directed specifically to women as a tool for the control of CNCD.
PeriodOct 5 2017
Event titleAmerican Association for Respiratory Care 2017 Congress: Open Forum
Event typeConference
LocationIndiana , United States
Degree of RecognitionInternational

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine